European Credit System for vocational education and training (ECVET)
The European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) is a technical framework for the transfer, recognition and where appropriate, accumulation of individuals’ learning outcomes with a view to achieving a qualification.
ECVET works hand in hand with the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) to provide greater transparency in European qualifications, promoting the mobility of workers and learners, and facilitating lifelong learning.
The implementation of ECVET has two broad objectives:
- To support mobility of European citizens
- To facilitate lifelong learning
To support mobility, ECVET is expected to improve the possibilities for recognition of learning outcomes and thus to enable people to build on what they have learned abroad, in a different education and training institution or in different situations.
In other words, thanks to ECVET, it should become easier to fully integrate mobility into learners’ learning pathways and to make visible and recognized what they have learned abroad. The success of ECVET depends on the development of mutual trust among competent institutions.
The recognition of learning and the transparency of what learners have achieved abroad are each vital crucial elements in developing and enhancing VET mobility
ECVET in geographic mobility is embedded in a 5 steps process:
- Preparing ECVET
- Building partnership
- ECVET before mobility
- During mobility
- After mobility
- And a quality insurance (EQAVET)
The “after mobility” session is devoted to:
- Validation of the learning outcome (the sending institution will consider the documentation of assessed learning outcomes, as provided by the host institution and will compare this to that which has been agreed in the Learning Agreement)
- recognition of the learning outcome (given when expected and assessed learning outcomes are sufficiently consistent and adequately documented, credit awarded)
Reviewing the process and result of individual mobility (reflecting on the entire process, in order to identify any need for change or improvement; Feedback can be collected in writing (for example, through completing a questionnaire) or orally (for example, meetings or phone calls)
For each step ECVET provide a tool box with relevant examples and methods directly available on the website.
Specific objectives of the tool
The system of granted credit enable the creation of a common European language to communicate on skills and competencies acquired during a stay in another country.
Basically, ECVET rely on a series of Technical Components that facilitate the process of learning recognition, despite differences of country or education system in which the learning took place. Successful ECVET implementation requires that qualifications be described in terms of learning outcomes. The learning outcomes are brought together in units. Finally, units are accumulated to form the basis of qualification.
Assessment, validation and recognition processes must also be agreed, among all those participating, and should respect existing national, regional, sectoral or institutional practice.
Type of mobility targeted
ECVET is relevant for lifelong learning experiences abroad, especially for vocational and professional training provided in another country.
Volunteering (EVS) and internship abroad (Erasmus+ VET) fit perfectly with ECVET package.
Who’s the user?
ECVET platform is useful for the project managers or any professional employee in charge of mobility accompaniment.
It provides tips and devices to highlight each participant competence and skills in the best way.
How to fill it out?
ECVET in geographic mobility provides tools, example and sources of readings as well as a glossary and good practice database.
These aimed at support the daily missions of workers in the field of education.
Established practice related to this tool
- Description of the practical/observed outcomes
- Where it might be of interest for the owner to use/ to show the tool (job application, job interview, job centers, professional network …)
Bringing together almost 200 national experts, across 25 European countries, the activities of these national teams centered on marketing and promotion – including the preparation of materials in local languages …
ECVET published a complete guideline for geographic mobility matters: The guide addresses the competent institutions and relevant multipliers wishing to promote ECVET for mobility in their qualifications systems.
Pictures and examples
Brochure ECVET and geographic mobility: http://www.ecvet- team.eu/en/system/files/documents/15/ecvet-mobility.pdf
See EQF : Acting as a translation device for existing national qualifications, the EQF aims at promoting the mobility of workers and learners facilitating lifelong learning and qualifications recognition and increasing understanding, and comparison, of the qualifications levels in different European countries through linking national qualifications systems to a common European reference framework.
ECVET Toolkit: For more information on the use of learning outcomes for ECVET and geographical mobility, see ECVET Toolkit.