The 8 key competences

 

In this section, you will find a description of the 8 key competences in the European Union.

These key competences help to define an individual’s knowledge base, attitudes and aptitudes. The definition of these 8 tools will allow you to evaluate your skills more easily during an interview or while designing your CV.

Each skill is accompanied by general definitions and a range of skills relating to a specific field. The ranges of skills provide a basis for producing expressions which can be used later by participants with a view to showcasing the knowledge bases and skills acquired.

Communication in the mother tongue

Definition

Communication in the mother tongue is the ability to express and interpret concepts, thoughts, feelings, facts and opinions in both oral and written form (listening, speaking, reading and writing) and to interact linguistically in an appropriate and creative way in a full range of societal and cultural contexts.

Skill set

  • Ability to understand and interpret concepts, feelings, facts or opinions in oral form.
  • Ability to understand and interpret concepts, feelings, facts or opinions in written form.
  • Ability to express concepts, feelings, facts or opinion in oral form.
  • Ability to express concepts, feelings, facts or opinion in written form.
  • Ability to interpret the world and relate to others.
  • Ability to interact in an appropriate and creative way in any situation.

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Communication in foreign languages

Definition

Communication in foreign languages involves more than the basic skills of communicating in the first language. It implies skills in mediation, language comprehension and understanding other cultures. The degree of mastery depends on several factors including above and beyond the capacity to listen, speak, read and write.

Skill set

  • Ability to understand and interpret concepts, feelings, facts or opinions in oral form.
  • Ability to understand and interpret concepts, feelings, facts or opinions in written form.
  • Ability to express concepts, feelings, facts or opinion in oral form.
  • Ability to express concepts, feelings, facts or opinion in written form.
  • Ability to interpret the world and relate to others.
  • Ability to interact in an appropriate and creative way in any situation.
  • Knowledge of vocabulary, grammar and language.
    Appreciation of cultural diversity.
  • Ability to use technical language accordingly to the field of work.

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Mathematical competence

Definition

Mathematical competence is the ability to develop and apply mathematical thinking in order to solve a range of problems in everyday situations, with the emphasis being placed on process, activity and knowledge.

Basic competence in science and technology refer to the mastery, use and application of knowledge and methodologies that explain the natural world. These involve an understanding of the changes caused by human activity and the responsibility of each individual as a citizen.

Skill set

  • Ability to use constructed thinking in order to solve a problem in every situation.
  • Understanding of mathematical term and concept and know how to apply it.
  • Knowledge of basic principles of the natural world, scientific concepts, methods
    and technological processes
  • Numeracy (ability to perform basic calculations)

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Digital
competences

Definition

Digital competence involved the confident and critical use of information society technology and thus basic skills in information and communication technology (ICT).

Skill set

  • Critical use of information technology for work.
  • Basic skills in ICT.
  • Understanding the role, opportunity and risks related to ICT in everyday life.
  • Ability to use and handle technological tools and machines.

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Learning to learn

Definition

Learning to learn is related to learning, the ability to pursue and organize one’s own learning, either individually or in groups, in accordance with one’s own needs, and awareness of methods and opportunities.

Skill set

  • Ability to pursue and persist in different kinds of learning.
  • Identifying available opportunities.
  • Ability to gain process and assimilate new knowledge, skills and qualification required for
    career goals.

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Social and civic competences

Definition

Social competence refers to personal, interpersonal and intercultural competence and all forms of behavior that equip individuals to participate in an effective and constructive way in social and working life It is linked to personal and social well-being. An understanding of codes of conduct and customs in the different environments in which individuals operate is essential.

Civic competence, and particularly knowledge of social and political concepts and structures (democracy, justice, equality, equality, citizenship and civil rights) equips individuals to engage in active and democratic participation.

Skill set

  • Ability to effective interaction with other people.
  • Ability to adapt to the changing situation, being flexible and work under pressure.
  • Ability to work effectively and collaborate with other team members.

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Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship

Definition

Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship is the ability to turn ideas into actions. It involves creativity, innovation and risk-taking, as well as the ability to plan and manage projects in order to achieve objectives. The individual is aware of the context of his/her work and is able to seize opportunities that arise.

It is the foundation for acquiring more specific skills and knowledge needed by those establishing or contributing to social or commercial activity. This should include awareness of ethical values and promote good governance.

Skill set

  • Ability to turn idea into action.
  • Creativity/innovation.
  • Ability to plan and manage tasks.
  • Independence.
    Motivation.
  • Determination

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Cultural awareness
and expression

Definition

Cultural awareness and expression involves appreciation of the importance of the creative expression of ideas, experiences and emotions in a range of media (music, performing arts, literature and the visual arts…).

Skill set

  • Awareness of local, national, European culture heritage and their place in the world.
  • Basic knowledge of contemporary culture.
  • Understanding of cultural diversity.

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